Efficiency, Accountability and Integrity

What is the difference between the Public Service and the Civil Service of Ghana?

March 30, 2022

The public service of Ghana covers a broad range of institutions/organizations which are paid for by the State to provide state services to the public. The Public Service includes the Civil Service. The Civil is the bureaucrat wing of the government responsible for running government’s offices or departments. Refer to Article 190(1)a of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana.


Refer, Article 190 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana

(1) The Public Services of Ghana shall include –

  • the Civil Service,
  • the Judicial Service,
  • the Audit Service,
  • the Education Service,
  • the Prisons Service,
  • the Parliamentary Service,
  • the Health Service,
  • the Statistical Service,
  • the National Fire Service,
  • the Customs, Excise and Preventive Service,
  • the Internal Revenue Service,
  • the Police Service,
  • the Immigration Service; and
  • the Legal Service;

(b) Public corporations other than those set up as commercial ventures;

(c) Public services established by this Constitution; and

(d) Such other public services as Parliament may by law prescribe.

 (2) The Civil Service shall, until provision is otherwise made by Parliament, comprise service in both central and local government. 

(3) Subject to the provisions of this constitution, an Act of Parliament enacted by virtue of clause (1) of this article shall provide for –

(a) the governing council for the public service to which it relates;

(b) the functions of that service; and

(c) the membership of that service.

(4) For the purposes of this article “public corporation” means a public corporation established in accordance with article 192 of this Constitution other than one set up as a commercial venture.